Alcohol

Chronic abuse of alcohol has a negative effect on Ca²+ATPase in the heart, brain, skeletal muscle, pancreas, and liver In utero, chronic alcohol exposure has a negative effect on Ca2²+ATPase levels in the heart, and brain (which can impair cognitive development such as in fetal alcohol syndrome). The longer the period of time that alcohol is consumed by the mother, pre- and postnatally (during lactation) the greater the negative effect on Ca2²+ATPase.

ACTION STEPS TO AVOID EXPOSURE
SOURCES OF Alcohol
RESEARCH ABSTRACTS